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Sourcecode: coreutils version File versions

chown.c

/* chown -- change user and group ownership of files
   Copyright (C) 89, 90, 91, 1995-2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

/*
              |                       user
              | unchanged                 explicit
 -------------|-------------------------+-------------------------|
 g unchanged  | ---                     | chown u             |
 r            |-------------------------+-------------------------|
 o explicit   | chgrp g or chown .g     | chown u.g           |
 u            |-------------------------+-------------------------|
 p from passwd| ---                 | chown u.          |
              |-------------------------+-------------------------|

   Written by David MacKenzie <djm@gnu.ai.mit.edu>. */

#include <config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <getopt.h>

#include "system.h"
#include "chown-core.h"
#include "error.h"
#include "fts_.h"
#include "lchown.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "root-dev-ino.h"
#include "userspec.h"

/* The official name of this program (e.g., no `g' prefix).  */
#define PROGRAM_NAME "chown"

#define AUTHORS "David MacKenzie", "Jim Meyering"

/* The name the program was run with. */
char *program_name;

/* The argument to the --reference option.  Use the owner and group IDs
   of this file.  This file must exist.  */
static char *reference_file;

/* For long options that have no equivalent short option, use a
   non-character as a pseudo short option, starting with CHAR_MAX + 1.  */
enum
{
  DEREFERENCE_OPTION = CHAR_MAX + 1,
  FROM_OPTION,
  NO_PRESERVE_ROOT,
  PRESERVE_ROOT,
  REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION
};

static struct option const long_options[] =
{
  {"recursive", no_argument, 0, 'R'},
  {"changes", no_argument, 0, 'c'},
  {"dereference", no_argument, 0, DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
  {"from", required_argument, 0, FROM_OPTION},
  {"no-dereference", no_argument, 0, 'h'},
  {"no-preserve-root", no_argument, 0, NO_PRESERVE_ROOT},
  {"preserve-root", no_argument, 0, PRESERVE_ROOT},
  {"quiet", no_argument, 0, 'f'},
  {"silent", no_argument, 0, 'f'},
  {"reference", required_argument, 0, REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION},
  {"verbose", no_argument, 0, 'v'},
  {GETOPT_HELP_OPTION_DECL},
  {GETOPT_VERSION_OPTION_DECL},
  {0, 0, 0, 0}
};

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
           program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("\
Usage: %s [OPTION]... OWNER[:[GROUP]] FILE...\n\
  or:  %s [OPTION]... :GROUP FILE...\n\
  or:  %s [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...\n\
"),
            program_name, program_name, program_name);
      fputs (_("\
Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP.\n\
With --reference, change the owner and group of each FILE to those of RFILE.\n\
\n\
  -c, --changes          like verbose but report only when a change is made\n\
      --dereference      affect the referent of each symbolic link, rather\n\
                         than the symbolic link itself\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -h, --no-dereference   affect each symbolic link instead of any referenced\n\
                         file (useful only on systems that can change the\n\
                         ownership of a symlink)\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
      --from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUP\n\
                         change the owner and/or group of each file only if\n\
                         its current owner and/or group match those specified\n\
                         here.  Either may be omitted, in which case a match\n\
                         is not required for the omitted attribute.\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
      --no-preserve-root do not treat `/' specially (the default)\n\
      --preserve-root    fail to operate recursively on `/'\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -f, --silent, --quiet  suppress most error messages\n\
      --reference=RFILE  use RFILE's owner and group rather than\n\
                         the specifying OWNER:GROUP values\n\
  -R, --recursive        operate on files and directories recursively\n\
  -v, --verbose          output a diagnostic for every file processed\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R\n\
option is also specified.  If more than one is specified, only the final\n\
one takes effect.\n\
\n\
  -H                     if a command line argument is a symbolic link\n\
                         to a directory, traverse it\n\
  -L                     traverse every symbolic link to a directory\n\
                         encountered\n\
  -P                     do not traverse any symbolic links (default)\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (_("\
\n\
Owner is unchanged if missing.  Group is unchanged if missing, but changed\n\
to login group if implied by a `:'.  OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well\n\
as symbolic.\n\
"), stdout);
      printf (_("\nReport bugs to <%s>.\n"), PACKAGE_BUGREPORT);
    }
  exit (status);
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  bool preserve_root = false;

  uid_t uid = -1; /* Specified uid; -1 if not to be changed. */
  gid_t gid = -1; /* Specified gid; -1 if not to be changed. */

  /* Change the owner (group) of a file only if it has this uid (gid).
     -1 means there's no restriction.  */
  uid_t required_uid = -1;
  gid_t required_gid = -1;

  /* Bit flags that control how fts works.  */
  int bit_flags = FTS_PHYSICAL;

  struct Chown_option chopt;
  int fail;
  int optc;

  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  program_name = argv[0];
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  atexit (close_stdout);

  chopt_init (&chopt);

  while ((optc = getopt_long (argc, argv, "HLPRcfhv", long_options, NULL))
       != -1)
    {
      switch (optc)
      {
      case 0:
        break;

      case 'H': /* Traverse command-line symlinks-to-directories.  */
        bit_flags = FTS_COMFOLLOW;
        break;

      case 'L': /* Traverse all symlinks-to-directories.  */
        bit_flags = FTS_LOGICAL;
        break;

      case 'P': /* Traverse no symlinks-to-directories.  */
        bit_flags = FTS_PHYSICAL;
        break;

      case 'h': /* --no-dereference: affect symlinks */
        chopt.affect_symlink_referent = false;
        break;

      case DEREFERENCE_OPTION: /* --dereference: affect the referent
                            of each symlink */
        chopt.affect_symlink_referent = true;
        break;

      case NO_PRESERVE_ROOT:
        preserve_root = false;
        break;

      case PRESERVE_ROOT:
        preserve_root = true;
        break;

      case REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION:
        reference_file = optarg;
        break;

      case FROM_OPTION:
        {
          char *u_dummy, *g_dummy;
          const char *e = parse_user_spec (optarg,
                                   &required_uid, &required_gid,
                                   &u_dummy, &g_dummy);
          if (e)
            error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0, "%s: %s", quote (optarg), e);
          break;
        }

      case 'R':
        chopt.recurse = true;
        break;

      case 'c':
        chopt.verbosity = V_changes_only;
        break;

      case 'f':
        chopt.force_silent = true;
        break;

      case 'v':
        chopt.verbosity = V_high;
        break;

      case_GETOPT_HELP_CHAR;
      case_GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR (PROGRAM_NAME, AUTHORS);
      default:
        usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
    }

  if (argc - optind + (reference_file ? 1 : 0) <= 1)
    {
      error (0, 0, _("too few arguments"));
      usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

  if (reference_file)
    {
      struct stat ref_stats;
      if (stat (reference_file, &ref_stats))
      error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get attributes of %s"),
             quote (reference_file));

      uid = ref_stats.st_uid;
      gid = ref_stats.st_gid;
      chopt.user_name = uid_to_name (ref_stats.st_uid);
      chopt.group_name = gid_to_name (ref_stats.st_gid);
    }
  else
    {
      const char *e = parse_user_spec (argv[optind], &uid, &gid,
                               &chopt.user_name, &chopt.group_name);
      if (e)
        error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0, "%s: %s", quote (argv[optind]), e);

      /* FIXME: set it to the empty string?  */
      if (chopt.user_name == NULL)
        chopt.user_name = "";

      optind++;
    }

  if (chopt.recurse && preserve_root)
    {
      static struct dev_ino dev_ino_buf;
      chopt.root_dev_ino = get_root_dev_ino (&dev_ino_buf);
      if (chopt.root_dev_ino == NULL)
      error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get attributes of %s"),
             quote ("/"));
    }

  fail = chown_files (argv + optind, bit_flags,
                  uid, gid,
                  required_uid, required_gid, &chopt);

  chopt_free (&chopt);

  exit (fail ? EXIT_FAILURE : EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

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