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rm.c

/* `rm' file deletion utility for GNU.
   Copyright (C) 88, 90, 91, 1994-2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, and Richard Stallman.
   Reworked to use chdir and avoid recursion by Jim Meyering.  */

/* Implementation overview:

   In the `usual' case, RM saves no state for directories it is processing.
   When a removal fails (either due to an error or to an interactive `no'
   reply), the failure is noted (see description of `ht' in remove.c's
   remove_cwd_entries function) so that when/if the containing directory
   is reopened, RM doesn't try to remove the entry again.

   RM may delete arbitrarily deep hierarchies -- even ones in which file
   names (from root to leaf) are longer than the system-imposed maximum.
   It does this by using chdir to change to each directory in turn before
   removing the entries in that directory.

   RM detects directory cycles lazily.  See lib/cycle-check.c.

   RM is careful to avoid forming full file names whenever possible.
   A full file name is formed only when it is about to be used -- e.g.
   in a diagnostic or in an interactive-mode prompt.

   RM minimizes the number of lstat system calls it makes.  On systems
   that have valid d_type data in directory entries, RM makes only one
   lstat call per command line argument -- regardless of the depth of
   the hierarchy.  */

#include <config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include "system.h"
#include "argmatch.h"
#include "error.h"
#include "lstat.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "quotearg.h"
#include "remove.h"
#include "root-dev-ino.h"
#include "yesno.h"

/* The official name of this program (e.g., no `g' prefix).  */
#define PROGRAM_NAME "rm"

#define AUTHORS \
  "Paul Rubin", "David MacKenzie, Richard Stallman", "Jim Meyering"

/* Name this program was run with.  */
char *program_name;

/* For long options that have no equivalent short option, use a
   non-character as a pseudo short option, starting with CHAR_MAX + 1.  */
enum
{
  INTERACTIVE_OPTION = CHAR_MAX + 1,
  ONE_FILE_SYSTEM,
  NO_PRESERVE_ROOT,
  PRESERVE_ROOT,
  PRESUME_INPUT_TTY_OPTION
};

enum interactive_type
  {
    interactive_never,        /* 0: no option or --interactive=never */
    interactive_once,         /* 1: -I or --interactive=once */
    interactive_always        /* 2: default, -i or --interactive=always */
  };

static struct option const long_opts[] =
{
  {"directory", no_argument, NULL, 'd'},
  {"force", no_argument, NULL, 'f'},
  {"interactive", optional_argument, NULL, INTERACTIVE_OPTION},

  {"one-file-system", no_argument, NULL, ONE_FILE_SYSTEM},
  {"no-preserve-root", no_argument, NULL, NO_PRESERVE_ROOT},
  {"preserve-root", no_argument, NULL, PRESERVE_ROOT},

  /* This is solely for testing.  Do not document.  */
  /* It is relatively difficult to ensure that there is a tty on stdin.
     Since rm acts differently depending on that, without this option,
     it'd be harder to test the parts of rm that depend on that setting.  */
  {"-presume-input-tty", no_argument, NULL, PRESUME_INPUT_TTY_OPTION},

  {"recursive", no_argument, NULL, 'r'},
  {"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
  {GETOPT_HELP_OPTION_DECL},
  {GETOPT_VERSION_OPTION_DECL},
  {NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};

static char const *const interactive_args[] =
{
  "never", "no", "none",
  "once",
  "always", "yes", NULL
};
static enum interactive_type const interactive_types[] =
{
  interactive_never, interactive_never, interactive_never,
  interactive_once,
  interactive_always, interactive_always
};
ARGMATCH_VERIFY (interactive_args, interactive_types);

/* Advise the user about invalid usages like "rm -foo" if the file
   "-foo" exists, assuming ARGC and ARGV are as with `main'.  */

static void
diagnose_leading_hyphen (int argc, char **argv)
{
  /* OPTIND is unreliable, so iterate through the arguments looking
     for a file name that looks like an option.  */
  int i;

  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    {
      char const *arg = argv[i];
      struct stat st;

      if (arg[0] == '-' && arg[1] && lstat (arg, &st) == 0)
      {
        fprintf (stderr,
               _("Try `%s ./%s' to remove the file %s.\n"),
               argv[0],
               quotearg_n_style (1, shell_quoting_style, arg),
               quote (arg));
        break;
      }
    }
}

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
           program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("Usage: %s [OPTION]... FILE...\n"), program_name);
      fputs (_("\
Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).\n\
\n\
  -f, --force           ignore nonexistent files, never prompt\n\
  -i                    prompt before every removal\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -I                    prompt once before removing more than three files, or\n\
                          when removing recursively.  Less intrusive than -i,\n\
                          while still giving protection against most mistakes\n\
      --interactive[=WHEN]  prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or\n\
                          always (-i).  Without WHEN, prompt always\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
      --one-file-system  when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any\n\
                          directory that is on a file system different from\n\
                          that of the corresponding command line argument\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
      --no-preserve-root  do not treat `/' specially\n\
      --preserve-root   do not remove `/' (default)\n\
  -r, -R, --recursive   remove directories and their contents recursively\n\
  -v, --verbose         explain what is being done\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (_("\
\n\
By default, rm does not remove directories.  Use the --recursive (-r or -R)\n\
option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of its contents.\n\
"), stdout);
      printf (_("\
\n\
To remove a file whose name starts with a `-', for example `-foo',\n\
use one of these commands:\n\
  %s -- -foo\n\
\n\
  %s ./-foo\n\
"),
            program_name, program_name);
      fputs (_("\
\n\
Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it is usually possible to recover\n\
the contents of that file.  If you want more assurance that the contents are\n\
truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.\n\
"), stdout);
      emit_bug_reporting_address ();
    }
  exit (status);
}

static void
rm_option_init (struct rm_options *x)
{
  x->ignore_missing_files = false;
  x->interactive = RMI_SOMETIMES;
  x->one_file_system = false;
  x->recursive = false;
  x->root_dev_ino = NULL;
  x->stdin_tty = isatty (STDIN_FILENO);
  x->verbose = false;

  /* Since this program exits immediately after calling `rm', rm need not
     expend unnecessary effort to preserve the initial working directory.  */
  x->require_restore_cwd = false;
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  bool preserve_root = true;
  struct rm_options x;
  bool prompt_once = false;
  int c;

  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  program_name = argv[0];
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  atexit (close_stdin);

  rm_option_init (&x);

  while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv, "dfirvIR", long_opts, NULL)) != -1)
    {
      switch (c)
      {
      case 'd':
        /* Ignore this option, for backward compatibility with
           coreutils 5.92.  FIXME: Some time after 2005, change this
           to report an error (or perhaps behave like FreeBSD does)
           instead of ignoring the option.  */
        break;

      case 'f':
        x.interactive = RMI_NEVER;
        x.ignore_missing_files = true;
        prompt_once = false;
        break;

      case 'i':
        x.interactive = RMI_ALWAYS;
        x.ignore_missing_files = false;
        prompt_once = false;
        break;

      case 'I':
        x.interactive = RMI_NEVER;
        x.ignore_missing_files = false;
        prompt_once = true;
        break;

      case 'r':
      case 'R':
        x.recursive = true;
        break;

      case INTERACTIVE_OPTION:
        {
          int i;
          if (optarg)
            i = XARGMATCH ("--interactive", optarg, interactive_args,
                       interactive_types);
          else
            i = interactive_always;
          switch (i)
            {
            case interactive_never:
            x.interactive = RMI_NEVER;
            prompt_once = false;
            break;

            case interactive_once:
            x.interactive = RMI_SOMETIMES;
            x.ignore_missing_files = false;
            prompt_once = true;
            break;

            case interactive_always:
            x.interactive = RMI_ALWAYS;
            x.ignore_missing_files = false;
            prompt_once = false;
            break;
            }
          break;
        }

      case ONE_FILE_SYSTEM:
        x.one_file_system = true;
        break;

      case NO_PRESERVE_ROOT:
        preserve_root = false;
        break;

      case PRESERVE_ROOT:
        preserve_root = true;
        break;

      case PRESUME_INPUT_TTY_OPTION:
        x.stdin_tty = true;
        break;

      case 'v':
        x.verbose = true;
        break;

      case_GETOPT_HELP_CHAR;
      case_GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR (PROGRAM_NAME, AUTHORS);
      default:
        diagnose_leading_hyphen (argc, argv);
        usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
    }

  if (argc <= optind)
    {
      if (x.ignore_missing_files)
      exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
      else
      {
        error (0, 0, _("missing operand"));
        usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
    }

  if (x.recursive & preserve_root)
    {
      static struct dev_ino dev_ino_buf;
      x.root_dev_ino = get_root_dev_ino (&dev_ino_buf);
      if (x.root_dev_ino == NULL)
      error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get attributes of %s"),
             quote ("/"));
    }

  size_t n_files = argc - optind;
  char const *const *file = (char const *const *) argv + optind;

  if (prompt_once && (x.recursive || 3 < n_files))
    {
      fprintf (stderr,
             (x.recursive
            ? _("%s: remove all arguments recursively? ")
            : _("%s: remove all arguments? ")),
             program_name);
      if (!yesno ())
      exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
    }
  enum RM_status status = rm (n_files, file, &x);
  assert (VALID_STATUS (status));
  exit (status == RM_ERROR ? EXIT_FAILURE : EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

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