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sha1.c

/* -*- buffer-read-only: t -*- vi: set ro: */
/* DO NOT EDIT! GENERATED AUTOMATICALLY! */
/* sha1.c - Functions to compute SHA1 message digest of files or
   memory blocks according to the NIST specification FIPS-180-1.

   Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 Free Software
   Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any
   later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */

/* Written by Scott G. Miller
   Credits:
      Robert Klep <robert@ilse.nl>  -- Expansion function fix
*/

#include <config.h>

#include "sha1.h"

#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>

#if USE_UNLOCKED_IO
# include "unlocked-io.h"
#endif

#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
# define SWAP(n) (n)
#else
# define SWAP(n) \
    (((n) << 24) | (((n) & 0xff00) << 8) | (((n) >> 8) & 0xff00) | ((n) >> 24))
#endif

#define BLOCKSIZE 4096
#if BLOCKSIZE % 64 != 0
# error "invalid BLOCKSIZE"
#endif

/* This array contains the bytes used to pad the buffer to the next
   64-byte boundary.  (RFC 1321, 3.1: Step 1)  */
static const unsigned char fillbuf[64] = { 0x80, 0 /* , 0, 0, ...  */ };


/* Take a pointer to a 160 bit block of data (five 32 bit ints) and
   initialize it to the start constants of the SHA1 algorithm.  This
   must be called before using hash in the call to sha1_hash.  */
void
sha1_init_ctx (struct sha1_ctx *ctx)
{
  ctx->A = 0x67452301;
  ctx->B = 0xefcdab89;
  ctx->C = 0x98badcfe;
  ctx->D = 0x10325476;
  ctx->E = 0xc3d2e1f0;

  ctx->total[0] = ctx->total[1] = 0;
  ctx->buflen = 0;
}

/* Put result from CTX in first 20 bytes following RESBUF.  The result
   must be in little endian byte order.

   IMPORTANT: On some systems it is required that RESBUF is correctly
   aligned for a 32-bit value.  */
void *
sha1_read_ctx (const struct sha1_ctx *ctx, void *resbuf)
{
  ((uint32_t *) resbuf)[0] = SWAP (ctx->A);
  ((uint32_t *) resbuf)[1] = SWAP (ctx->B);
  ((uint32_t *) resbuf)[2] = SWAP (ctx->C);
  ((uint32_t *) resbuf)[3] = SWAP (ctx->D);
  ((uint32_t *) resbuf)[4] = SWAP (ctx->E);

  return resbuf;
}

/* Process the remaining bytes in the internal buffer and the usual
   prolog according to the standard and write the result to RESBUF.

   IMPORTANT: On some systems it is required that RESBUF is correctly
   aligned for a 32-bit value.  */
void *
sha1_finish_ctx (struct sha1_ctx *ctx, void *resbuf)
{
  /* Take yet unprocessed bytes into account.  */
  uint32_t bytes = ctx->buflen;
  size_t size = (bytes < 56) ? 64 / 4 : 64 * 2 / 4;

  /* Now count remaining bytes.  */
  ctx->total[0] += bytes;
  if (ctx->total[0] < bytes)
    ++ctx->total[1];

  /* Put the 64-bit file length in *bits* at the end of the buffer.  */
  ctx->buffer[size - 2] = SWAP ((ctx->total[1] << 3) | (ctx->total[0] >> 29));
  ctx->buffer[size - 1] = SWAP (ctx->total[0] << 3);

  memcpy (&((char *) ctx->buffer)[bytes], fillbuf, (size - 2) * 4 - bytes);

  /* Process last bytes.  */
  sha1_process_block (ctx->buffer, size * 4, ctx);

  return sha1_read_ctx (ctx, resbuf);
}

/* Compute SHA1 message digest for bytes read from STREAM.  The
   resulting message digest number will be written into the 16 bytes
   beginning at RESBLOCK.  */
int
sha1_stream (FILE *stream, void *resblock)
{
  struct sha1_ctx ctx;
  char buffer[BLOCKSIZE + 72];
  size_t sum;

  /* Initialize the computation context.  */
  sha1_init_ctx (&ctx);

  /* Iterate over full file contents.  */
  while (1)
    {
      /* We read the file in blocks of BLOCKSIZE bytes.  One call of the
       computation function processes the whole buffer so that with the
       next round of the loop another block can be read.  */
      size_t n;
      sum = 0;

      /* Read block.  Take care for partial reads.  */
      while (1)
      {
        n = fread (buffer + sum, 1, BLOCKSIZE - sum, stream);

        sum += n;

        if (sum == BLOCKSIZE)
          break;

        if (n == 0)
          {
            /* Check for the error flag IFF N == 0, so that we don't
             exit the loop after a partial read due to e.g., EAGAIN
             or EWOULDBLOCK.  */
            if (ferror (stream))
            return 1;
            goto process_partial_block;
          }

        /* We've read at least one byte, so ignore errors.  But always
           check for EOF, since feof may be true even though N > 0.
           Otherwise, we could end up calling fread after EOF.  */
        if (feof (stream))
          goto process_partial_block;
      }

      /* Process buffer with BLOCKSIZE bytes.  Note that
                  BLOCKSIZE % 64 == 0
       */
      sha1_process_block (buffer, BLOCKSIZE, &ctx);
    }

 process_partial_block:;

  /* Process any remaining bytes.  */
  if (sum > 0)
    sha1_process_bytes (buffer, sum, &ctx);

  /* Construct result in desired memory.  */
  sha1_finish_ctx (&ctx, resblock);
  return 0;
}

/* Compute SHA1 message digest for LEN bytes beginning at BUFFER.  The
   result is always in little endian byte order, so that a byte-wise
   output yields to the wanted ASCII representation of the message
   digest.  */
void *
sha1_buffer (const char *buffer, size_t len, void *resblock)
{
  struct sha1_ctx ctx;

  /* Initialize the computation context.  */
  sha1_init_ctx (&ctx);

  /* Process whole buffer but last len % 64 bytes.  */
  sha1_process_bytes (buffer, len, &ctx);

  /* Put result in desired memory area.  */
  return sha1_finish_ctx (&ctx, resblock);
}

void
sha1_process_bytes (const void *buffer, size_t len, struct sha1_ctx *ctx)
{
  /* When we already have some bits in our internal buffer concatenate
     both inputs first.  */
  if (ctx->buflen != 0)
    {
      size_t left_over = ctx->buflen;
      size_t add = 128 - left_over > len ? len : 128 - left_over;

      memcpy (&((char *) ctx->buffer)[left_over], buffer, add);
      ctx->buflen += add;

      if (ctx->buflen > 64)
      {
        sha1_process_block (ctx->buffer, ctx->buflen & ~63, ctx);

        ctx->buflen &= 63;
        /* The regions in the following copy operation cannot overlap.  */
        memcpy (ctx->buffer,
              &((char *) ctx->buffer)[(left_over + add) & ~63],
              ctx->buflen);
      }

      buffer = (const char *) buffer + add;
      len -= add;
    }

  /* Process available complete blocks.  */
  if (len >= 64)
    {
#if !_STRING_ARCH_unaligned
# define alignof(type) offsetof (struct { char c; type x; }, x)
# define UNALIGNED_P(p) (((size_t) p) % alignof (uint32_t) != 0)
      if (UNALIGNED_P (buffer))
      while (len > 64)
        {
          sha1_process_block (memcpy (ctx->buffer, buffer, 64), 64, ctx);
          buffer = (const char *) buffer + 64;
          len -= 64;
        }
      else
#endif
      {
        sha1_process_block (buffer, len & ~63, ctx);
        buffer = (const char *) buffer + (len & ~63);
        len &= 63;
      }
    }

  /* Move remaining bytes in internal buffer.  */
  if (len > 0)
    {
      size_t left_over = ctx->buflen;

      memcpy (&((char *) ctx->buffer)[left_over], buffer, len);
      left_over += len;
      if (left_over >= 64)
      {
        sha1_process_block (ctx->buffer, 64, ctx);
        left_over -= 64;
        memcpy (ctx->buffer, &ctx->buffer[16], left_over);
      }
      ctx->buflen = left_over;
    }
}

/* --- Code below is the primary difference between md5.c and sha1.c --- */

/* SHA1 round constants */
#define K1 0x5a827999
#define K2 0x6ed9eba1
#define K3 0x8f1bbcdc
#define K4 0xca62c1d6

/* Round functions.  Note that F2 is the same as F4.  */
#define F1(B,C,D) ( D ^ ( B & ( C ^ D ) ) )
#define F2(B,C,D) (B ^ C ^ D)
#define F3(B,C,D) ( ( B & C ) | ( D & ( B | C ) ) )
#define F4(B,C,D) (B ^ C ^ D)

/* Process LEN bytes of BUFFER, accumulating context into CTX.
   It is assumed that LEN % 64 == 0.
   Most of this code comes from GnuPG's cipher/sha1.c.  */

void
sha1_process_block (const void *buffer, size_t len, struct sha1_ctx *ctx)
{
  const uint32_t *words = buffer;
  size_t nwords = len / sizeof (uint32_t);
  const uint32_t *endp = words + nwords;
  uint32_t x[16];
  uint32_t a = ctx->A;
  uint32_t b = ctx->B;
  uint32_t c = ctx->C;
  uint32_t d = ctx->D;
  uint32_t e = ctx->E;

  /* First increment the byte count.  RFC 1321 specifies the possible
     length of the file up to 2^64 bits.  Here we only compute the
     number of bytes.  Do a double word increment.  */
  ctx->total[0] += len;
  if (ctx->total[0] < len)
    ++ctx->total[1];

#define rol(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((uint32_t) (x) >> (32 - (n))))

#define M(I) ( tm =   x[I&0x0f] ^ x[(I-14)&0x0f] \
                ^ x[(I-8)&0x0f] ^ x[(I-3)&0x0f] \
             , (x[I&0x0f] = rol(tm, 1)) )

#define R(A,B,C,D,E,F,K,M)  do { E += rol( A, 5 )     \
                              + F( B, C, D )  \
                              + K         \
                              + M;        \
                         B = rol( B, 30 );    \
                         } while(0)

  while (words < endp)
    {
      uint32_t tm;
      int t;
      for (t = 0; t < 16; t++)
      {
        x[t] = SWAP (*words);
        words++;
      }

      R( a, b, c, d, e, F1, K1, x[ 0] );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F1, K1, x[ 1] );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F1, K1, x[ 2] );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F1, K1, x[ 3] );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F1, K1, x[ 4] );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F1, K1, x[ 5] );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F1, K1, x[ 6] );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F1, K1, x[ 7] );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F1, K1, x[ 8] );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F1, K1, x[ 9] );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F1, K1, x[10] );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F1, K1, x[11] );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F1, K1, x[12] );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F1, K1, x[13] );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F1, K1, x[14] );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F1, K1, x[15] );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F1, K1, M(16) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F1, K1, M(17) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F1, K1, M(18) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F1, K1, M(19) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F2, K2, M(20) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F2, K2, M(21) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F2, K2, M(22) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F2, K2, M(23) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F2, K2, M(24) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F2, K2, M(25) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F2, K2, M(26) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F2, K2, M(27) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F2, K2, M(28) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F2, K2, M(29) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F2, K2, M(30) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F2, K2, M(31) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F2, K2, M(32) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F2, K2, M(33) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F2, K2, M(34) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F2, K2, M(35) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F2, K2, M(36) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F2, K2, M(37) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F2, K2, M(38) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F2, K2, M(39) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F3, K3, M(40) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F3, K3, M(41) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F3, K3, M(42) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F3, K3, M(43) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F3, K3, M(44) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F3, K3, M(45) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F3, K3, M(46) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F3, K3, M(47) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F3, K3, M(48) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F3, K3, M(49) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F3, K3, M(50) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F3, K3, M(51) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F3, K3, M(52) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F3, K3, M(53) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F3, K3, M(54) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F3, K3, M(55) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F3, K3, M(56) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F3, K3, M(57) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F3, K3, M(58) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F3, K3, M(59) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F4, K4, M(60) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F4, K4, M(61) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F4, K4, M(62) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F4, K4, M(63) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F4, K4, M(64) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F4, K4, M(65) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F4, K4, M(66) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F4, K4, M(67) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F4, K4, M(68) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F4, K4, M(69) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F4, K4, M(70) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F4, K4, M(71) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F4, K4, M(72) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F4, K4, M(73) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F4, K4, M(74) );
      R( a, b, c, d, e, F4, K4, M(75) );
      R( e, a, b, c, d, F4, K4, M(76) );
      R( d, e, a, b, c, F4, K4, M(77) );
      R( c, d, e, a, b, F4, K4, M(78) );
      R( b, c, d, e, a, F4, K4, M(79) );

      a = ctx->A += a;
      b = ctx->B += b;
      c = ctx->C += c;
      d = ctx->D += d;
      e = ctx->E += e;
    }
}

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