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memcmp.c

/* Copyright (C) 1991, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2003, 2006 Free Software
   Foundation, Inc.

   Contributed by Torbjorn Granlund (tege@sics.se).

   NOTE: The canonical source of this file is maintained with the GNU C Library.
   Bugs can be reported to bug-glibc@prep.ai.mit.edu.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or any
   later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#ifndef _LIBC
# include <config.h>
#endif

#include <string.h>

#undef memcmp

#ifdef _LIBC

# include <memcopy.h>
# include <endian.h>

# if __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
#  define WORDS_BIGENDIAN
# endif

#else /* Not in the GNU C library.  */

# include <sys/types.h>

/* Type to use for aligned memory operations.
   This should normally be the biggest type supported by a single load
   and store.  Must be an unsigned type.  */
# define op_t     unsigned long int
# define OPSIZ    (sizeof(op_t))

/* Threshold value for when to enter the unrolled loops.  */
# define OP_T_THRES     16

/* Type to use for unaligned operations.  */
typedef unsigned char byte;

# ifndef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
#  define MERGE(w0, sh_1, w1, sh_2) (((w0) >> (sh_1)) | ((w1) << (sh_2)))
# else
#  define MERGE(w0, sh_1, w1, sh_2) (((w0) << (sh_1)) | ((w1) >> (sh_2)))
# endif

#endif      /* In the GNU C library.  */

#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
# define CMP_LT_OR_GT(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? 1 : -1)
#else
# define CMP_LT_OR_GT(a, b) memcmp_bytes ((a), (b))
#endif

/* BE VERY CAREFUL IF YOU CHANGE THIS CODE!  */

/* The strategy of this memcmp is:

   1. Compare bytes until one of the block pointers is aligned.

   2. Compare using memcmp_common_alignment or
      memcmp_not_common_alignment, regarding the alignment of the other
      block after the initial byte operations.  The maximum number of
      full words (of type op_t) are compared in this way.

   3. Compare the few remaining bytes.  */

#ifndef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
/* memcmp_bytes -- Compare A and B bytewise in the byte order of the machine.
   A and B are known to be different.
   This is needed only on little-endian machines.  */

# ifdef  __GNUC__
__inline
# endif
static int
memcmp_bytes (long unsigned int a, long unsigned int b)
{
  long int srcp1 = (long int) &a;
  long int srcp2 = (long int) &b;
  op_t a0, b0;

  do
    {
      a0 = ((byte *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((byte *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 += 1;
      srcp2 += 1;
    }
  while (a0 == b0);
  return a0 - b0;
}
#endif

/* memcmp_common_alignment -- Compare blocks at SRCP1 and SRCP2 with LEN `op_t'
   objects (not LEN bytes!).  Both SRCP1 and SRCP2 should be aligned for
   memory operations on `op_t's.  */
#ifdef      __GNUC__
__inline
#endif
static int
memcmp_common_alignment (long int srcp1, long int srcp2, size_t len)
{
  op_t a0, a1;
  op_t b0, b1;

  switch (len % 4)
    {
    default: /* Avoid warning about uninitialized local variables.  */
    case 2:
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 -= 2 * OPSIZ;
      srcp2 -= 2 * OPSIZ;
      len += 2;
      goto do1;
    case 3:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 -= OPSIZ;
      srcp2 -= OPSIZ;
      len += 1;
      goto do2;
    case 0:
      if (OP_T_THRES <= 3 * OPSIZ && len == 0)
      return 0;
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      goto do3;
    case 1:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 += OPSIZ;
      srcp2 += OPSIZ;
      len -= 1;
      if (OP_T_THRES <= 3 * OPSIZ && len == 0)
      goto do0;
      /* Fall through.  */
    }

  do
    {
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      if (a1 != b1)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (a1, b1);

    do3:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[1];
      if (a0 != b0)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (a0, b0);

    do2:
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[2];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[2];
      if (a1 != b1)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (a1, b1);

    do1:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[3];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[3];
      if (a0 != b0)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (a0, b0);

      srcp1 += 4 * OPSIZ;
      srcp2 += 4 * OPSIZ;
      len -= 4;
    }
  while (len != 0);

  /* This is the right position for do0.  Please don't move
     it into the loop.  */
 do0:
  if (a1 != b1)
    return CMP_LT_OR_GT (a1, b1);
  return 0;
}

/* memcmp_not_common_alignment -- Compare blocks at SRCP1 and SRCP2 with LEN
   `op_t' objects (not LEN bytes!).  SRCP2 should be aligned for memory
   operations on `op_t', but SRCP1 *should be unaligned*.  */
#ifdef      __GNUC__
__inline
#endif
static int
memcmp_not_common_alignment (long int srcp1, long int srcp2, size_t len)
{
  op_t a0, a1, a2, a3;
  op_t b0, b1, b2, b3;
  op_t x;
  int shl, shr;

  /* Calculate how to shift a word read at the memory operation
     aligned srcp1 to make it aligned for comparison.  */

  shl = 8 * (srcp1 % OPSIZ);
  shr = 8 * OPSIZ - shl;

  /* Make SRCP1 aligned by rounding it down to the beginning of the `op_t'
     it points in the middle of.  */
  srcp1 &= -OPSIZ;

  switch (len % 4)
    {
    default: /* Avoid warning about uninitialized local variables.  */
    case 2:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      a2 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b2 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 -= 1 * OPSIZ;
      srcp2 -= 2 * OPSIZ;
      len += 2;
      goto do1;
    case 3:
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp2 -= 1 * OPSIZ;
      len += 1;
      goto do2;
    case 0:
      if (OP_T_THRES <= 3 * OPSIZ && len == 0)
      return 0;
      a3 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 += 1 * OPSIZ;
      goto do3;
    case 1:
      a2 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      a3 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b3 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 += 2 * OPSIZ;
      srcp2 += 1 * OPSIZ;
      len -= 1;
      if (OP_T_THRES <= 3 * OPSIZ && len == 0)
      goto do0;
      /* Fall through.  */
    }

  do
    {
      a0 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[0];
      x = MERGE(a2, shl, a3, shr);
      if (x != b3)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (x, b3);

    do3:
      a1 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[1];
      b1 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[1];
      x = MERGE(a3, shl, a0, shr);
      if (x != b0)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (x, b0);

    do2:
      a2 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[2];
      b2 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[2];
      x = MERGE(a0, shl, a1, shr);
      if (x != b1)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (x, b1);

    do1:
      a3 = ((op_t *) srcp1)[3];
      b3 = ((op_t *) srcp2)[3];
      x = MERGE(a1, shl, a2, shr);
      if (x != b2)
      return CMP_LT_OR_GT (x, b2);

      srcp1 += 4 * OPSIZ;
      srcp2 += 4 * OPSIZ;
      len -= 4;
    }
  while (len != 0);

  /* This is the right position for do0.  Please don't move
     it into the loop.  */
 do0:
  x = MERGE(a2, shl, a3, shr);
  if (x != b3)
    return CMP_LT_OR_GT (x, b3);
  return 0;
}

int
rpl_memcmp (const void *s1, const void *s2, size_t len)
{
  op_t a0;
  op_t b0;
  long int srcp1 = (long int) s1;
  long int srcp2 = (long int) s2;
  op_t res;

  if (len >= OP_T_THRES)
    {
      /* There are at least some bytes to compare.  No need to test
       for LEN == 0 in this alignment loop.  */
      while (srcp2 % OPSIZ != 0)
      {
        a0 = ((byte *) srcp1)[0];
        b0 = ((byte *) srcp2)[0];
        srcp1 += 1;
        srcp2 += 1;
        res = a0 - b0;
        if (res != 0)
          return res;
        len -= 1;
      }

      /* SRCP2 is now aligned for memory operations on `op_t'.
       SRCP1 alignment determines if we can do a simple,
       aligned compare or need to shuffle bits.  */

      if (srcp1 % OPSIZ == 0)
      res = memcmp_common_alignment (srcp1, srcp2, len / OPSIZ);
      else
      res = memcmp_not_common_alignment (srcp1, srcp2, len / OPSIZ);
      if (res != 0)
      return res;

      /* Number of bytes remaining in the interval [0..OPSIZ-1].  */
      srcp1 += len & -OPSIZ;
      srcp2 += len & -OPSIZ;
      len %= OPSIZ;
    }

  /* There are just a few bytes to compare.  Use byte memory operations.  */
  while (len != 0)
    {
      a0 = ((byte *) srcp1)[0];
      b0 = ((byte *) srcp2)[0];
      srcp1 += 1;
      srcp2 += 1;
      res = a0 - b0;
      if (res != 0)
      return res;
      len -= 1;
    }

  return 0;
}

#ifdef weak_alias
# undef bcmp
weak_alias (memcmp, bcmp)
#endif

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