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users.c

/* GNU's users.
   Copyright (C) 1992-2005, 2007-2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by jla; revised by djm */

#include <config.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include "system.h"

#include "error.h"
#include "long-options.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "readutmp.h"

/* The official name of this program (e.g., no `g' prefix).  */
#define PROGRAM_NAME "users"

#define AUTHORS \
  proper_name ("Joseph Arceneaux"), \
  proper_name ("David MacKenzie")

static int
userid_compare (const void *v_a, const void *v_b)
{
  char **a = (char **) v_a;
  char **b = (char **) v_b;
  return strcmp (*a, *b);
}

static void
list_entries_users (size_t n, const STRUCT_UTMP *this)
{
  char **u = xnmalloc (n, sizeof *u);
  size_t i;
  size_t n_entries = 0;

  while (n--)
    {
      if (IS_USER_PROCESS (this))
      {
        char *trimmed_name;

        trimmed_name = extract_trimmed_name (this);

        u[n_entries] = trimmed_name;
        ++n_entries;
      }
      this++;
    }

  qsort (u, n_entries, sizeof (u[0]), userid_compare);

  for (i = 0; i < n_entries; i++)
    {
      char c = (i < n_entries - 1 ? ' ' : '\n');
      fputs (u[i], stdout);
      putchar (c);
    }

  for (i = 0; i < n_entries; i++)
    free (u[i]);
  free (u);
}

/* Display a list of users on the system, according to utmp file FILENAME.
   Use read_utmp OPTIONS to read FILENAME.  */

static void
users (const char *filename, int options)
{
  size_t n_users;
  STRUCT_UTMP *utmp_buf;

  if (read_utmp (filename, &n_users, &utmp_buf, options) != 0)
    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "%s", filename);

  list_entries_users (n_users, utmp_buf);

  free (utmp_buf);
}

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
           program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("Usage: %s [OPTION]... [FILE]\n"), program_name);
      printf (_("\
Output who is currently logged in according to FILE.\n\
If FILE is not specified, use %s.  %s as FILE is common.\n\
\n\
"),
            UTMP_FILE, WTMP_FILE);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      emit_bug_reporting_address ();
    }
  exit (status);
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  set_program_name (argv[0]);
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  atexit (close_stdout);

  parse_long_options (argc, argv, PROGRAM_NAME, PACKAGE_NAME, Version,
                  usage, AUTHORS, (char const *) NULL);
  if (getopt_long (argc, argv, "", NULL, NULL) != -1)
    usage (EXIT_FAILURE);

  switch (argc - optind)
    {
    case 0:             /* users */
      users (UTMP_FILE, READ_UTMP_CHECK_PIDS);
      break;

    case 1:             /* users <utmp file> */
      users (argv[optind], 0);
      break;

    default:                  /* lose */
      error (0, 0, _("extra operand %s"), quote (argv[optind + 1]));
      usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

  exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

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