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str-kmp.h

/* -*- buffer-read-only: t -*- vi: set ro: */
/* DO NOT EDIT! GENERATED AUTOMATICALLY! */
#line 1
/* Substring search in a NUL terminated string of 'char' elements,
   using the Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm.
   Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Written by Bruno Haible <bruno@clisp.org>, 2005.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */

/* Before including this file, you need to define:
     CANON_ELEMENT(c)        A macro that canonicalizes an element right after
                             it has been fetched from one of the two strings.
                             The argument is an 'unsigned char'; the result
                             must be an 'unsigned char' as well.  */

/* Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm.
   See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knuth-Morris-Pratt_algorithm
   Return a boolean indicating success:
   Return true and set *RESULTP if the search was completed.
   Return false if it was aborted because not enough memory was available.  */
static bool
knuth_morris_pratt_unibyte (const char *haystack, const char *needle,
                      const char **resultp)
{
  size_t m = strlen (needle);

  /* Allocate the table.  */
  size_t *table = (size_t *) nmalloca (m, sizeof (size_t));
  if (table == NULL)
    return false;
  /* Fill the table.
     For 0 < i < m:
       0 < table[i] <= i is defined such that
       forall 0 < x < table[i]: needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x],
       and table[i] is as large as possible with this property.
     This implies:
     1) For 0 < i < m:
          If table[i] < i,
          needle[table[i]..i-1] = needle[0..i-1-table[i]].
     2) For 0 < i < m:
          rhaystack[0..i-1] == needle[0..i-1]
          and exists h, i <= h < m: rhaystack[h] != needle[h]
          implies
          forall 0 <= x < table[i]: rhaystack[x..x+m-1] != needle[0..m-1].
     table[0] remains uninitialized.  */
  {
    size_t i, j;

    /* i = 1: Nothing to verify for x = 0.  */
    table[1] = 1;
    j = 0;

    for (i = 2; i < m; i++)
      {
      /* Here: j = i-1 - table[i-1].
         The inequality needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x] is known to hold
         for x < table[i-1], by induction.
         Furthermore, if j>0: needle[i-1-j..i-2] = needle[0..j-1].  */
      unsigned char b = CANON_ELEMENT ((unsigned char) needle[i - 1]);

      for (;;)
        {
          /* Invariants: The inequality needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x]
             is known to hold for x < i-1-j.
             Furthermore, if j>0: needle[i-1-j..i-2] = needle[0..j-1].  */
          if (b == CANON_ELEMENT ((unsigned char) needle[j]))
            {
            /* Set table[i] := i-1-j.  */
            table[i] = i - ++j;
            break;
            }
          /* The inequality needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x] also holds
             for x = i-1-j, because
               needle[i-1] != needle[j] = needle[i-1-x].  */
          if (j == 0)
            {
            /* The inequality holds for all possible x.  */
            table[i] = i;
            break;
            }
          /* The inequality needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x] also holds
             for i-1-j < x < i-1-j+table[j], because for these x:
             needle[x..i-2]
             = needle[x-(i-1-j)..j-1]
             != needle[0..j-1-(x-(i-1-j))]  (by definition of table[j])
                = needle[0..i-2-x],
             hence needle[x..i-1] != needle[0..i-1-x].
             Furthermore
             needle[i-1-j+table[j]..i-2]
             = needle[table[j]..j-1]
             = needle[0..j-1-table[j]]  (by definition of table[j]).  */
          j = j - table[j];
        }
      /* Here: j = i - table[i].  */
      }
  }

  /* Search, using the table to accelerate the processing.  */
  {
    size_t j;
    const char *rhaystack;
    const char *phaystack;

    *resultp = NULL;
    j = 0;
    rhaystack = haystack;
    phaystack = haystack;
    /* Invariant: phaystack = rhaystack + j.  */
    while (*phaystack != '\0')
      if (CANON_ELEMENT ((unsigned char) needle[j])
        == CANON_ELEMENT ((unsigned char) *phaystack))
      {
        j++;
        phaystack++;
        if (j == m)
          {
            /* The entire needle has been found.  */
            *resultp = rhaystack;
            break;
          }
      }
      else if (j > 0)
      {
        /* Found a match of needle[0..j-1], mismatch at needle[j].  */
        rhaystack += table[j];
        j -= table[j];
      }
      else
      {
        /* Found a mismatch at needle[0] already.  */
        rhaystack++;
        phaystack++;
      }
  }

  freea (table);
  return true;
}

#undef CANON_ELEMENT

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