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exclude.c

/* exclude.c -- exclude file names

   Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
   2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com>
   and Sergey Poznyakoff <gray@gnu.org>.
   Thanks to Phil Proudman <phil@proudman51.freeserve.co.uk>
   for improvement suggestions. */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdbool.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "exclude.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "mbuiter.h"
#include "fnmatch.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "verify.h"

#if USE_UNLOCKED_IO
# include "unlocked-io.h"
#endif

/* Non-GNU systems lack these options, so we don't need to check them.  */
#ifndef FNM_CASEFOLD
# define FNM_CASEFOLD 0
#endif
#ifndef FNM_EXTMATCH
# define FNM_EXTMATCH 0
#endif
#ifndef FNM_LEADING_DIR
# define FNM_LEADING_DIR 0
#endif

verify (((EXCLUDE_ANCHORED | EXCLUDE_INCLUDE | EXCLUDE_WILDCARDS)
       & (FNM_PATHNAME | FNM_NOESCAPE | FNM_PERIOD | FNM_LEADING_DIR
          | FNM_CASEFOLD | FNM_EXTMATCH))
      == 0);


/* Exclusion patterns are grouped into a singly-linked list of
   "exclusion segments".  Each segment represents a set of patterns
   that can be matches using the same algorithm.  Non-wildcard
   patterns are kept in hash tables, to speed up searches.  Wildcard
   patterns are stored as arrays of patterns. */


/* An exclude pattern-options pair.  The options are fnmatch options
   ORed with EXCLUDE_* options.  */

struct patopts
  {
    char const *pattern;
    int options;
  };

/* An array of pattern-options pairs.  */

struct exclude_pattern
  {
    struct patopts *exclude;
    size_t exclude_alloc;
    size_t exclude_count;
  };

enum exclude_type
  {
    exclude_hash,                    /* a hash table of excluded names */
    exclude_pattern                  /* an array of exclude patterns */
  };

struct exclude_segment
  {
    struct exclude_segment *next;    /* next segment in list */
    enum exclude_type type;          /* type of this segment */
    int options;                     /* common options for this segment */
    union
    {
      Hash_table *table;             /* for type == exclude_hash */
      struct exclude_pattern pat;    /* for type == exclude_pattern */
    } v;
  };

/* The exclude structure keeps a singly-linked list of exclude segments */
struct exclude
  {
    struct exclude_segment *head, *tail;
  };

/* Return true if str has wildcard characters */
bool
fnmatch_pattern_has_wildcards (const char *str, int options)
{
  char *cset = "\\?*[]";
  if (options & FNM_NOESCAPE)
    cset++;
  while (*str)
    {
      size_t n = strcspn (str, cset);
      if (str[n] == 0)
      break;
      else if (str[n] == '\\')
      {
        str += n + 1;
        if (*str)
          str++;
      }
      else
      return true;
    }
  return false;
}

/* Return a newly allocated and empty exclude list.  */

struct exclude *
new_exclude (void)
{
  return xzalloc (sizeof *new_exclude ());
}

/* Calculate the hash of string.  */
static size_t
string_hasher (void const *data, size_t n_buckets)
{
  char const *p = data;
  return hash_string (p, n_buckets);
}

/* Ditto, for case-insensitive hashes */
static size_t
string_hasher_ci (void const *data, size_t n_buckets)
{
  char const *p = data;
  mbui_iterator_t iter;
  size_t value = 0;

  for (mbui_init (iter, p); mbui_avail (iter); mbui_advance (iter))
    {
      mbchar_t m = mbui_cur (iter);
      wchar_t wc;

      if (m.wc_valid)
      wc = towlower (m.wc);
      else
      wc = *m.ptr;

      value = (value * 31 + wc) % n_buckets;
    }

  return value;
}

/* compare two strings for equality */
static bool
string_compare (void const *data1, void const *data2)
{
  char const *p1 = data1;
  char const *p2 = data2;
  return strcmp (p1, p2) == 0;
}

/* compare two strings for equality, case-insensitive */
static bool
string_compare_ci (void const *data1, void const *data2)
{
  char const *p1 = data1;
  char const *p2 = data2;
  return mbscasecmp (p1, p2) == 0;
}

static void
string_free (void *data)
{
  free (data);
}

/* Create new exclude segment of given TYPE and OPTIONS, and attach it
   to the tail of list in EX */
struct exclude_segment *
new_exclude_segment (struct exclude *ex, enum exclude_type type, int options)
{
  struct exclude_segment *sp = xzalloc (sizeof (struct exclude_segment));
  sp->type = type;
  sp->options = options;
  switch (type)
    {
    case exclude_pattern:
      break;

    case exclude_hash:
      sp->v.table = hash_initialize (0, NULL,
                             (options & FNM_CASEFOLD) ?
                               string_hasher_ci
                               : string_hasher,
                             (options & FNM_CASEFOLD) ?
                               string_compare_ci
                               : string_compare,
                             string_free);
      break;
    }
  if (ex->tail)
    ex->tail->next = sp;
  else
    ex->head = sp;
  ex->tail = sp;
  return sp;
}

/* Free a single exclude segment */
static void
free_exclude_segment (struct exclude_segment *seg)
{
  switch (seg->type)
    {
    case exclude_pattern:
      free (seg->v.pat.exclude);
      break;

    case exclude_hash:
      hash_free (seg->v.table);
      break;
    }
  free (seg);
}

/* Free the storage associated with an exclude list.  */
void
free_exclude (struct exclude *ex)
{
  struct exclude_segment *seg;
  for (seg = ex->head; seg; )
    {
      struct exclude_segment *next = seg->next;
      free_exclude_segment (seg);
      seg = next;
    }
  free (ex);
}

/* Return zero if PATTERN matches F, obeying OPTIONS, except that
   (unlike fnmatch) wildcards are disabled in PATTERN.  */

static int
fnmatch_no_wildcards (char const *pattern, char const *f, int options)
{
  if (! (options & FNM_LEADING_DIR))
    return ((options & FNM_CASEFOLD)
          ? mbscasecmp (pattern, f)
          : strcmp (pattern, f));
  else if (! (options & FNM_CASEFOLD))
    {
      size_t patlen = strlen (pattern);
      int r = strncmp (pattern, f, patlen);
      if (! r)
      {
        r = f[patlen];
        if (r == '/')
          r = 0;
      }
      return r;
    }
  else
    {
      /* Walk through a copy of F, seeing whether P matches any prefix
       of F.

       FIXME: This is an O(N**2) algorithm; it should be O(N).
       Also, the copy should not be necessary.  However, fixing this
       will probably involve a change to the mbs* API.  */

      char *fcopy = xstrdup (f);
      char *p;
      int r;
      for (p = fcopy; ; *p++ = '/')
      {
        p = strchr (p, '/');
        if (p)
          *p = '\0';
        r = mbscasecmp (pattern, fcopy);
        if (!p || r <= 0)
          break;
      }
      free (fcopy);
      return r;
    }
}

bool
exclude_fnmatch (char const *pattern, char const *f, int options)
{
  int (*matcher) (char const *, char const *, int) =
    (options & EXCLUDE_WILDCARDS
     ? fnmatch
     : fnmatch_no_wildcards);
  bool matched = ((*matcher) (pattern, f, options) == 0);
  char const *p;

  if (! (options & EXCLUDE_ANCHORED))
    for (p = f; *p && ! matched; p++)
      if (*p == '/' && p[1] != '/')
      matched = ((*matcher) (pattern, p + 1, options) == 0);

  return matched;
}

/* Return true if the exclude_pattern segment SEG excludes F.  */

bool
excluded_file_pattern_p (struct exclude_segment const *seg, char const *f)
{
  size_t exclude_count = seg->v.pat.exclude_count;
  struct patopts const *exclude = seg->v.pat.exclude;
  size_t i;
  bool excluded = !! (exclude[0].options & EXCLUDE_INCLUDE);

  /* Scan through the options, until they change excluded */
  for (i = 0; i < exclude_count; i++)
    {
      char const *pattern = exclude[i].pattern;
      int options = exclude[i].options;
      if (excluded != exclude_fnmatch (pattern, f, options))
      return !excluded;
    }
  return excluded;
}

/* Return true if the exclude_hash segment SEG excludes F.
   BUFFER is an auxiliary storage of the same length as F (with nul
   terminator included) */
bool
excluded_file_name_p (struct exclude_segment const *seg, char const *f,
                  char *buffer)
{
  int options = seg->options;
  bool excluded = !! (options & EXCLUDE_INCLUDE);
  Hash_table *table = seg->v.table;

  do
    {
      /* initialize the pattern */
      strcpy (buffer, f);

      while (1)
      {
        if (hash_lookup (table, buffer))
          return !excluded;
        if (options & FNM_LEADING_DIR)
          {
            char *p = strrchr (buffer, '/');
            if (p)
            {
              *p = 0;
              continue;
            }
          }
        break;
      }

      if (!(options & EXCLUDE_ANCHORED))
      {
        f = strchr (f, '/');
        if (f)
          f++;
      }
      else
      break;
    }
  while (f);
  return excluded;
}

/* Return true if EX excludes F.  */

bool
excluded_file_name (struct exclude const *ex, char const *f)
{
  struct exclude_segment *seg;
  bool excluded;
  char *filename = NULL;

  /* If no patterns are given, the default is to include.  */
  if (!ex->head)
    return false;

  /* Otherwise, the default is the opposite of the first option.  */
  excluded = !! (ex->head->options & EXCLUDE_INCLUDE);
  /* Scan through the segments, seeing whether they change status from
     excluded to included or vice versa.  */
  for (seg = ex->head; seg; seg = seg->next)
    {
      bool rc;

      switch (seg->type)
      {
      case exclude_pattern:
        rc = excluded_file_pattern_p (seg, f);
        break;

      case exclude_hash:
        if (!filename)
          filename = xmalloc (strlen (f) + 1);
        rc = excluded_file_name_p (seg, f, filename);
        break;
      }
      if (rc != excluded)
      {
        excluded = rc;
        break;
      }
    }
  free (filename);
  return excluded;
}

/* Append to EX the exclusion PATTERN with OPTIONS.  */

void
add_exclude (struct exclude *ex, char const *pattern, int options)
{
  struct exclude_segment *seg;

  if ((options & EXCLUDE_WILDCARDS)
      && fnmatch_pattern_has_wildcards (pattern, options))
    {
      struct exclude_pattern *pat;
      struct patopts *patopts;

      if (ex->tail && ex->tail->type == exclude_pattern
        && ((ex->tail->options & EXCLUDE_INCLUDE) ==
            (options & EXCLUDE_INCLUDE)))
      seg = ex->tail;
      else
      seg = new_exclude_segment (ex, exclude_pattern, options);

      pat = &seg->v.pat;
      if (pat->exclude_count == pat->exclude_alloc)
      pat->exclude = x2nrealloc (pat->exclude, &pat->exclude_alloc,
                           sizeof *pat->exclude);
      patopts = &pat->exclude[pat->exclude_count++];
      patopts->pattern = pattern;
      patopts->options = options;
    }
  else
    {
      char *str, *p;
#define EXCLUDE_HASH_FLAGS (EXCLUDE_INCLUDE|EXCLUDE_ANCHORED|\
                      FNM_LEADING_DIR|FNM_CASEFOLD)
      if (ex->tail && ex->tail->type == exclude_hash
        && ((ex->tail->options & EXCLUDE_HASH_FLAGS) ==
            (options & EXCLUDE_HASH_FLAGS)))
      seg = ex->tail;
      else
      seg = new_exclude_segment (ex, exclude_hash, options);

      str = xstrdup (pattern);
      p = hash_insert (seg->v.table, str);
      if (p != str)
      free (str);
    }
}

/* Use ADD_FUNC to append to EX the patterns in FILE_NAME, each with
   OPTIONS.  LINE_END terminates each pattern in the file.  If
   LINE_END is a space character, ignore trailing spaces and empty
   lines in FILE.  Return -1 on failure, 0 on success.  */

int
add_exclude_file (void (*add_func) (struct exclude *, char const *, int),
              struct exclude *ex, char const *file_name, int options,
              char line_end)
{
  bool use_stdin = file_name[0] == '-' && !file_name[1];
  FILE *in;
  char *buf = NULL;
  char *p;
  char const *pattern;
  char const *lim;
  size_t buf_alloc = 0;
  size_t buf_count = 0;
  int c;
  int e = 0;

  if (use_stdin)
    in = stdin;
  else if (! (in = fopen (file_name, "r")))
    return -1;

  while ((c = getc (in)) != EOF)
    {
      if (buf_count == buf_alloc)
      buf = x2realloc (buf, &buf_alloc);
      buf[buf_count++] = c;
    }

  if (ferror (in))
    e = errno;

  if (!use_stdin && fclose (in) != 0)
    e = errno;

  buf = xrealloc (buf, buf_count + 1);
  buf[buf_count] = line_end;
  lim = buf + buf_count + ! (buf_count == 0 || buf[buf_count - 1] == line_end);
  pattern = buf;

  for (p = buf; p < lim; p++)
    if (*p == line_end)
      {
      char *pattern_end = p;

      if (isspace ((unsigned char) line_end))
        {
          for (; ; pattern_end--)
            if (pattern_end == pattern)
            goto next_pattern;
            else if (! isspace ((unsigned char) pattern_end[-1]))
            break;
        }

      *pattern_end = '\0';
      (*add_func) (ex, pattern, options);

      next_pattern:
      pattern = p + 1;
      }

  errno = e;
  return e ? -1 : 0;
}

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