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chgrp.c

/* chgrp -- change group ownership of files
   Copyright (C) 89, 90, 91, 1995-2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by David MacKenzie <djm@gnu.ai.mit.edu>. */

#include <config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <getopt.h>

#include "system.h"
#include "chown-core.h"
#include "error.h"
#include "fts_.h"
#include "group-member.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "root-dev-ino.h"
#include "xstrtol.h"

/* The official name of this program (e.g., no `g' prefix).  */
#define PROGRAM_NAME "chgrp"

#define AUTHORS \
  proper_name ("David MacKenzie"), \
  proper_name ("Jim Meyering")

#if ! HAVE_ENDGRENT
# define endgrent() ((void) 0)
#endif

/* The argument to the --reference option.  Use the group ID of this file.
   This file must exist.  */
static char *reference_file;

/* For long options that have no equivalent short option, use a
   non-character as a pseudo short option, starting with CHAR_MAX + 1.  */
enum
{
  DEREFERENCE_OPTION = CHAR_MAX + 1,
  NO_PRESERVE_ROOT,
  PRESERVE_ROOT,
  REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION
};

static struct option const long_options[] =
{
  {"recursive", no_argument, NULL, 'R'},
  {"changes", no_argument, NULL, 'c'},
  {"dereference", no_argument, NULL, DEREFERENCE_OPTION},
  {"no-dereference", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
  {"no-preserve-root", no_argument, NULL, NO_PRESERVE_ROOT},
  {"preserve-root", no_argument, NULL, PRESERVE_ROOT},
  {"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'f'},
  {"silent", no_argument, NULL, 'f'},
  {"reference", required_argument, NULL, REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION},
  {"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
  {GETOPT_HELP_OPTION_DECL},
  {GETOPT_VERSION_OPTION_DECL},
  {NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};

/* Return the group ID of NAME, or -1 if no name was specified.  */

static gid_t
parse_group (const char *name)
{
  gid_t gid = -1;

  if (*name)
    {
      struct group *grp = getgrnam (name);
      if (grp)
        gid = grp->gr_gid;
      else
        {
          unsigned long int tmp;
          if (! (xstrtoul (name, NULL, 10, &tmp, "") == LONGINT_OK
                 && tmp <= GID_T_MAX))
            error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0, _("invalid group: %s"), quote (name));
          gid = tmp;
        }
      endgrent ();            /* Save a file descriptor. */
    }

  return gid;
}

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
             program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("\
Usage: %s [OPTION]... GROUP FILE...\n\
  or:  %s [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...\n\
"),
              program_name, program_name);
      fputs (_("\
Change the group of each FILE to GROUP.\n\
With --reference, change the group of each FILE to that of RFILE.\n\
\n\
  -c, --changes          like verbose but report only when a change is made\n\
      --dereference      affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is\n\
                         the default), rather than the symbolic link itself\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -h, --no-dereference   affect each symbolic link instead of any referenced\n\
                         file (useful only on systems that can change the\n\
                         ownership of a symlink)\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
      --no-preserve-root  do not treat `/' specially (the default)\n\
      --preserve-root    fail to operate recursively on `/'\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -f, --silent, --quiet  suppress most error messages\n\
      --reference=RFILE  use RFILE's group rather than specifying a\n\
                         GROUP value\n\
  -R, --recursive        operate on files and directories recursively\n\
  -v, --verbose          output a diagnostic for every file processed\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R\n\
option is also specified.  If more than one is specified, only the final\n\
one takes effect.\n\
\n\
  -H                     if a command line argument is a symbolic link\n\
                         to a directory, traverse it\n\
  -L                     traverse every symbolic link to a directory\n\
                         encountered\n\
  -P                     do not traverse any symbolic links (default)\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      printf (_("\
\n\
Examples:\n\
  %s staff /u      Change the group of /u to \"staff\".\n\
  %s -hR staff /u  Change the group of /u and subfiles to \"staff\".\n\
"),
              program_name, program_name);
      emit_ancillary_info ();
    }
  exit (status);
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  bool preserve_root = false;
  gid_t gid;

  /* Bit flags that control how fts works.  */
  int bit_flags = FTS_PHYSICAL;

  /* 1 if --dereference, 0 if --no-dereference, -1 if neither has been
     specified.  */
  int dereference = -1;

  struct Chown_option chopt;
  bool ok;
  int optc;

  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  set_program_name (argv[0]);
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  atexit (close_stdout);

  chopt_init (&chopt);

  while ((optc = getopt_long (argc, argv, "HLPRcfhv", long_options, NULL))
         != -1)
    {
      switch (optc)
        {
        case 'H': /* Traverse command-line symlinks-to-directories.  */
          bit_flags = FTS_COMFOLLOW | FTS_PHYSICAL;
          break;

        case 'L': /* Traverse all symlinks-to-directories.  */
          bit_flags = FTS_LOGICAL;
          break;

        case 'P': /* Traverse no symlinks-to-directories.  */
          bit_flags = FTS_PHYSICAL;
          break;

        case 'h': /* --no-dereference: affect symlinks */
          dereference = 0;
          break;

        case DEREFERENCE_OPTION: /* --dereference: affect the referent
                                    of each symlink */
          dereference = 1;
          break;

        case NO_PRESERVE_ROOT:
          preserve_root = false;
          break;

        case PRESERVE_ROOT:
          preserve_root = true;
          break;

        case REFERENCE_FILE_OPTION:
          reference_file = optarg;
          break;

        case 'R':
          chopt.recurse = true;
          break;

        case 'c':
          chopt.verbosity = V_changes_only;
          break;

        case 'f':
          chopt.force_silent = true;
          break;

        case 'v':
          chopt.verbosity = V_high;
          break;

        case_GETOPT_HELP_CHAR;
        case_GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR (PROGRAM_NAME, AUTHORS);
        default:
          usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
        }
    }

  if (chopt.recurse)
    {
      if (bit_flags == FTS_PHYSICAL)
        {
          if (dereference == 1)
            error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0,
                   _("-R --dereference requires either -H or -L"));
          dereference = 0;
        }
    }
  else
    {
      bit_flags = FTS_PHYSICAL;
    }
  chopt.affect_symlink_referent = (dereference != 0);

  if (argc - optind < (reference_file ? 1 : 2))
    {
      if (argc <= optind)
        error (0, 0, _("missing operand"));
      else
        error (0, 0, _("missing operand after %s"), quote (argv[argc - 1]));
      usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

  if (reference_file)
    {
      struct stat ref_stats;
      if (stat (reference_file, &ref_stats))
        error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get attributes of %s"),
               quote (reference_file));

      gid = ref_stats.st_gid;
      chopt.group_name = gid_to_name (ref_stats.st_gid);
    }
  else
    {
      char *group_name = argv[optind++];
      chopt.group_name = (*group_name ? group_name : NULL);
      gid = parse_group (group_name);
    }

  if (chopt.recurse && preserve_root)
    {
      static struct dev_ino dev_ino_buf;
      chopt.root_dev_ino = get_root_dev_ino (&dev_ino_buf);
      if (chopt.root_dev_ino == NULL)
        error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get attributes of %s"),
               quote ("/"));
    }

  bit_flags |= FTS_DEFER_STAT;
  ok = chown_files (argv + optind, bit_flags,
                    (uid_t) -1, gid,
                    (uid_t) -1, (gid_t) -1, &chopt);

  chopt_free (&chopt);

  exit (ok ? EXIT_SUCCESS : EXIT_FAILURE);
}

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