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setuidgid.c

/* setuidgid - run a command with the UID and GID of a specified user
   Copyright (C) 2003-2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by Jim Meyering  */

#include <config.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>

#include "system.h"

#include "error.h"
#include "long-options.h"
#include "mgetgroups.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "xstrtol.h"

#define PROGRAM_NAME "setuidgid"

/* I wrote this program from scratch, based on the description of
   D.J. Bernstein's program: http://cr.yp.to/daemontools/setuidgid.html.  */
#define AUTHORS proper_name ("Jim Meyering")

#define SETUIDGID_FAILURE 111

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
             program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("\
Usage: %s [SHORT-OPTION]... USER COMMAND [ARGUMENT]...\n\
  or:  %s LONG-OPTION\n\
"),
              program_name, program_name);

      fputs (_("\
Drop any supplemental groups, assume the user-ID and group-ID of the specified\n\
USER (numeric ID or user name), and run COMMAND with any specified ARGUMENTs.\n\
Exit with status 111 if unable to assume the required user and group ID.\n\
Otherwise, exit with the exit status of COMMAND.\n\
This program is useful only when run by root (user ID zero).\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -g GID[,GID1...]  also set the primary group-ID to the numeric GID, and\n\
                    (if specified) supplemental group IDs to GID1, ...\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      emit_ancillary_info ();
    }
  exit (status);
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  uid_t uid;
  GETGROUPS_T *gids = NULL;
  size_t n_gids = 0;
  size_t n_gids_allocated = 0;
  gid_t primary_gid;

  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  set_program_name (argv[0]);
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  initialize_exit_failure (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
  atexit (close_stdout);

  parse_long_options (argc, argv, PROGRAM_NAME, PACKAGE_NAME, Version,
                      usage, AUTHORS, (char const *) NULL);
  {
    int c;
    while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv, "+g:", NULL, NULL)) != -1)
      {
        switch (c)
          {
            case 'g':
              {
                unsigned long int tmp_ul;
                char *gr = optarg;
                char *ptr;
                while (true)
                  {
                    if (! (xstrtoul (gr, &ptr, 10, &tmp_ul, NULL) == LONGINT_OK
                           && tmp_ul <= GID_T_MAX))
                      error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0, _("invalid group %s"),
                             quote (gr));
                    if (n_gids == n_gids_allocated)
                      gids = X2NREALLOC (gids, &n_gids_allocated);
                    gids[n_gids++] = tmp_ul;

                    if (*ptr == '\0')
                      break;
                    if (*ptr != ',')
                      {
                        error (0, 0, _("invalid group %s"), quote (gr));
                        usage (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
                      }
                    gr = ptr + 1;
                  }
                break;
              }

            default:
              usage (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
          }
      }
  }

  if (argc <= optind + 1)
    {
      if (argc < optind + 1)
        error (0, 0, _("missing operand"));
      else
        error (0, 0, _("missing operand after %s"), quote (argv[optind]));
      usage (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
    }

  {
    const struct passwd *pwd;
    unsigned long int tmp_ul;
    char *user = argv[optind];
    char *ptr;
    bool have_uid = false;

    if (xstrtoul (user, &ptr, 10, &tmp_ul, "") == LONGINT_OK
        && tmp_ul <= UID_T_MAX)
      {
        uid = tmp_ul;
        have_uid = true;
      }

    if (!have_uid)
      {
        pwd = getpwnam (user);
        if (pwd == NULL)
          {
            error (SETUIDGID_FAILURE, errno,
                   _("unknown user-ID: %s"), quote (user));
            usage (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
          }
        uid = pwd->pw_uid;
      }
    else if (n_gids == 0)
      {
        pwd = getpwuid (uid);
        if (pwd == NULL)
          {
            error (SETUIDGID_FAILURE, errno,
                   _("to use user-ID %s you need to use -g too"), quote (user));
            usage (SETUIDGID_FAILURE);
          }
      }

#if HAVE_SETGROUPS
    if (n_gids == 0)
      {
        int n = mgetgroups (pwd->pw_name, pwd->pw_gid, &gids);
        if (n <= 0)
          error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, _("failed to get groups for user %s"),
                 quote (pwd->pw_name));
        n_gids = n;
      }

    if (setgroups (n_gids, gids))
      error (SETUIDGID_FAILURE, errno,
             _("failed to set supplemental group(s)"));

    primary_gid = gids[0];
#else
    primary_gid = pwd->pw_gid;
#endif
  }

  if (setgid (primary_gid))
    error (SETUIDGID_FAILURE, errno,
           _("cannot set group-ID to %lu"), (unsigned long int) primary_gid);

  if (setuid (uid))
    error (SETUIDGID_FAILURE, errno,
           _("cannot set user-ID to %lu"), (unsigned long int) uid);

  {
    char **cmd = argv + optind + 1;
    int exit_status;
    execvp (*cmd, cmd);
    exit_status = (errno == ENOENT ? EXIT_ENOENT : EXIT_CANNOT_INVOKE);

    error (0, errno, _("failed to run command %s"), quote (*cmd));
    exit (exit_status);
  }
}

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