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fold.c

/* fold -- wrap each input line to fit in specified width.
   Copyright (C) 1991, 1995-2006, 2008-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by David MacKenzie, djm@gnu.ai.mit.edu. */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#include "system.h"
#include "error.h"
#include "fadvise.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "xstrtol.h"

#define TAB_WIDTH 8

/* The official name of this program (e.g., no `g' prefix).  */
#define PROGRAM_NAME "fold"

#define AUTHORS proper_name ("David MacKenzie")

/* If nonzero, try to break on whitespace. */
static bool break_spaces;

/* If nonzero, count bytes, not column positions. */
static bool count_bytes;

/* If nonzero, at least one of the files we read was standard input. */
static bool have_read_stdin;

static char const shortopts[] = "bsw:0::1::2::3::4::5::6::7::8::9::";

static struct option const longopts[] =
{
  {"bytes", no_argument, NULL, 'b'},
  {"spaces", no_argument, NULL, 's'},
  {"width", required_argument, NULL, 'w'},
  {GETOPT_HELP_OPTION_DECL},
  {GETOPT_VERSION_OPTION_DECL},
  {NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};

void
usage (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    fprintf (stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"),
             program_name);
  else
    {
      printf (_("\
Usage: %s [OPTION]... [FILE]...\n\
"),
              program_name);
      fputs (_("\
Wrap input lines in each FILE (standard input by default), writing to\n\
standard output.\n\
\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (_("\
  -b, --bytes         count bytes rather than columns\n\
  -s, --spaces        break at spaces\n\
  -w, --width=WIDTH   use WIDTH columns instead of 80\n\
"), stdout);
      fputs (HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      fputs (VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION, stdout);
      emit_ancillary_info ();
    }
  exit (status);
}

/* Assuming the current column is COLUMN, return the column that
   printing C will move the cursor to.
   The first column is 0. */

static size_t
adjust_column (size_t column, char c)
{
  if (!count_bytes)
    {
      if (c == '\b')
        {
          if (column > 0)
            column--;
        }
      else if (c == '\r')
        column = 0;
      else if (c == '\t')
        column += TAB_WIDTH - column % TAB_WIDTH;
      else /* if (isprint (c)) */
        column++;
    }
  else
    column++;
  return column;
}

/* Fold file FILENAME, or standard input if FILENAME is "-",
   to stdout, with maximum line length WIDTH.
   Return true if successful.  */

static bool
fold_file (char const *filename, size_t width)
{
  FILE *istream;
  int c;
  size_t column = 0;          /* Screen column where next char will go. */
  size_t offset_out = 0;      /* Index in `line_out' for next char. */
  static char *line_out = NULL;
  static size_t allocated_out = 0;
  int saved_errno;

  if (STREQ (filename, "-"))
    {
      istream = stdin;
      have_read_stdin = true;
    }
  else
    istream = fopen (filename, "r");

  if (istream == NULL)
    {
      error (0, errno, "%s", filename);
      return false;
    }

  fadvise (istream, FADVISE_SEQUENTIAL);

  while ((c = getc (istream)) != EOF)
    {
      if (offset_out + 1 >= allocated_out)
        line_out = X2REALLOC (line_out, &allocated_out);

      if (c == '\n')
        {
          line_out[offset_out++] = c;
          fwrite (line_out, sizeof (char), offset_out, stdout);
          column = offset_out = 0;
          continue;
        }

    rescan:
      column = adjust_column (column, c);

      if (column > width)
        {
          /* This character would make the line too long.
             Print the line plus a newline, and make this character
             start the next line. */
          if (break_spaces)
            {
              bool found_blank = false;
              size_t logical_end = offset_out;

              /* Look for the last blank. */
              while (logical_end)
                {
                  --logical_end;
                  if (isblank (to_uchar (line_out[logical_end])))
                    {
                      found_blank = true;
                      break;
                    }
                }

              if (found_blank)
                {
                  size_t i;

                  /* Found a blank.  Don't output the part after it. */
                  logical_end++;
                  fwrite (line_out, sizeof (char), (size_t) logical_end,
                          stdout);
                  putchar ('\n');
                  /* Move the remainder to the beginning of the next line.
                     The areas being copied here might overlap. */
                  memmove (line_out, line_out + logical_end,
                           offset_out - logical_end);
                  offset_out -= logical_end;
                  for (column = i = 0; i < offset_out; i++)
                    column = adjust_column (column, line_out[i]);
                  goto rescan;
                }
            }

          if (offset_out == 0)
            {
              line_out[offset_out++] = c;
              continue;
            }

          line_out[offset_out++] = '\n';
          fwrite (line_out, sizeof (char), (size_t) offset_out, stdout);
          column = offset_out = 0;
          goto rescan;
        }

      line_out[offset_out++] = c;
    }

  saved_errno = errno;

  if (offset_out)
    fwrite (line_out, sizeof (char), (size_t) offset_out, stdout);

  if (ferror (istream))
    {
      error (0, saved_errno, "%s", filename);
      if (!STREQ (filename, "-"))
        fclose (istream);
      return false;
    }
  if (!STREQ (filename, "-") && fclose (istream) == EOF)
    {
      error (0, errno, "%s", filename);
      return false;
    }

  return true;
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  size_t width = 80;
  int i;
  int optc;
  bool ok;

  initialize_main (&argc, &argv);
  set_program_name (argv[0]);
  setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
  bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
  textdomain (PACKAGE);

  atexit (close_stdout);

  break_spaces = count_bytes = have_read_stdin = false;

  while ((optc = getopt_long (argc, argv, shortopts, longopts, NULL)) != -1)
    {
      char optargbuf[2];

      switch (optc)
        {
        case 'b':       /* Count bytes rather than columns. */
          count_bytes = true;
          break;

        case 's':       /* Break at word boundaries. */
          break_spaces = true;
          break;

        case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
        case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
          if (optarg)
            optarg--;
          else
            {
              optargbuf[0] = optc;
              optargbuf[1] = '\0';
              optarg = optargbuf;
            }
          /* Fall through.  */
        case 'w':       /* Line width. */
          {
            unsigned long int tmp_ulong;
            if (! (xstrtoul (optarg, NULL, 10, &tmp_ulong, "") == LONGINT_OK
                   && 0 < tmp_ulong && tmp_ulong < SIZE_MAX - TAB_WIDTH))
              error (EXIT_FAILURE, 0,
                     _("invalid number of columns: %s"), quote (optarg));
            width = tmp_ulong;
          }
          break;

        case_GETOPT_HELP_CHAR;

        case_GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR (PROGRAM_NAME, AUTHORS);

        default:
          usage (EXIT_FAILURE);
        }
    }

  if (argc == optind)
    ok = fold_file ("-", width);
  else
    {
      ok = true;
      for (i = optind; i < argc; i++)
        ok &= fold_file (argv[i], width);
    }

  if (have_read_stdin && fclose (stdin) == EOF)
    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "-");

  exit (ok ? EXIT_SUCCESS : EXIT_FAILURE);
}

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