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canonicalize.c

/* Return the canonical absolute name of a given file.
   Copyright (C) 1996-2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#include <config.h>

#include "canonicalize.h"

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "areadlink.h"
#include "file-set.h"
#include "hash-triple.h"
#include "pathmax.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "xgetcwd.h"

#ifndef DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT
# define DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT 0
#endif

#if !((HAVE_CANONICALIZE_FILE_NAME && FUNC_REALPATH_WORKS)      \
      || GNULIB_CANONICALIZE_LGPL)
/* Return the canonical absolute name of file NAME.  A canonical name
   does not contain any `.', `..' components nor any repeated file name
   separators ('/') or symlinks.  All components must exist.
   The result is malloc'd.  */

char *
canonicalize_file_name (const char *name)
{
  return canonicalize_filename_mode (name, CAN_EXISTING);
}
#endif /* !HAVE_CANONICALIZE_FILE_NAME */

/* Return true if we've already seen the triple, <FILENAME, dev, ino>.
   If *HT is not initialized, initialize it.  */
static bool
seen_triple (Hash_table **ht, char const *filename, struct stat const *st)
{
  if (*ht == NULL)
    {
      size_t initial_capacity = 7;
      *ht = hash_initialize (initial_capacity,
                            NULL,
                            triple_hash,
                            triple_compare_ino_str,
                            triple_free);
      if (*ht == NULL)
        xalloc_die ();
    }

  if (seen_file (*ht, filename, st))
    return true;

  record_file (*ht, filename, st);
  return false;
}

/* Return the canonical absolute name of file NAME, while treating
   missing elements according to CAN_MODE.  A canonical name
   does not contain any `.', `..' components nor any repeated file name
   separators ('/') or symlinks.  Whether components must exist
   or not depends on canonicalize mode.  The result is malloc'd.  */

char *
canonicalize_filename_mode (const char *name, canonicalize_mode_t can_mode)
{
  char *rname, *dest, *extra_buf = NULL;
  char const *start;
  char const *end;
  char const *rname_limit;
  size_t extra_len = 0;
  Hash_table *ht = NULL;
  int saved_errno;

  if (name == NULL)
    {
      errno = EINVAL;
      return NULL;
    }

  if (name[0] == '\0')
    {
      errno = ENOENT;
      return NULL;
    }

  if (name[0] != '/')
    {
      rname = xgetcwd ();
      if (!rname)
        return NULL;
      dest = strchr (rname, '\0');
      if (dest - rname < PATH_MAX)
        {
          char *p = xrealloc (rname, PATH_MAX);
          dest = p + (dest - rname);
          rname = p;
          rname_limit = rname + PATH_MAX;
        }
      else
        {
          rname_limit = dest;
        }
    }
  else
    {
      rname = xmalloc (PATH_MAX);
      rname_limit = rname + PATH_MAX;
      rname[0] = '/';
      dest = rname + 1;
      if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && name[1] == '/')
        *dest++ = '/';
    }

  for (start = name; *start; start = end)
    {
      /* Skip sequence of multiple file name separators.  */
      while (*start == '/')
        ++start;

      /* Find end of component.  */
      for (end = start; *end && *end != '/'; ++end)
        /* Nothing.  */;

      if (end - start == 0)
        break;
      else if (end - start == 1 && start[0] == '.')
        /* nothing */;
      else if (end - start == 2 && start[0] == '.' && start[1] == '.')
        {
          /* Back up to previous component, ignore if at root already.  */
          if (dest > rname + 1)
            while ((--dest)[-1] != '/');
          if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rname + 1
              && *dest == '/')
            dest++;
        }
      else
        {
          struct stat st;

          if (dest[-1] != '/')
            *dest++ = '/';

          if (dest + (end - start) >= rname_limit)
            {
              ptrdiff_t dest_offset = dest - rname;
              size_t new_size = rname_limit - rname;

              if (end - start + 1 > PATH_MAX)
                new_size += end - start + 1;
              else
                new_size += PATH_MAX;
              rname = xrealloc (rname, new_size);
              rname_limit = rname + new_size;

              dest = rname + dest_offset;
            }

          dest = memcpy (dest, start, end - start);
          dest += end - start;
          *dest = '\0';

          if (lstat (rname, &st) != 0)
            {
              saved_errno = errno;
              if (can_mode == CAN_EXISTING)
                goto error;
              if (can_mode == CAN_ALL_BUT_LAST)
                {
                  if (end[strspn (end, "/")] || saved_errno != ENOENT)
                    goto error;
                  continue;
                }
              st.st_mode = 0;
            }

          if (S_ISLNK (st.st_mode))
            {
              char *buf;
              size_t n, len;

              /* Detect loops.  We cannot use the cycle-check module here,
                 since it's actually possible to encounter the same symlink
                 more than once in a given traversal.  However, encountering
                 the same symlink,NAME pair twice does indicate a loop.  */
              if (seen_triple (&ht, name, &st))
                {
                  if (can_mode == CAN_MISSING)
                    continue;
                  saved_errno = ELOOP;
                  goto error;
                }

              buf = areadlink_with_size (rname, st.st_size);
              if (!buf)
                {
                  if (can_mode == CAN_MISSING && errno != ENOMEM)
                    continue;
                  saved_errno = errno;
                  goto error;
                }

              n = strlen (buf);
              len = strlen (end);

              if (!extra_len)
                {
                  extra_len =
                    ((n + len + 1) > PATH_MAX) ? (n + len + 1) : PATH_MAX;
                  extra_buf = xmalloc (extra_len);
                }
              else if ((n + len + 1) > extra_len)
                {
                  extra_len = n + len + 1;
                  extra_buf = xrealloc (extra_buf, extra_len);
                }

              /* Careful here, end may be a pointer into extra_buf... */
              memmove (&extra_buf[n], end, len + 1);
              name = end = memcpy (extra_buf, buf, n);

              if (buf[0] == '/')
                {
                  dest = rname + 1;     /* It's an absolute symlink */
                  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && buf[1] == '/')
                    *dest++ = '/';
                }
              else
                {
                  /* Back up to previous component, ignore if at root
                     already: */
                  if (dest > rname + 1)
                    while ((--dest)[-1] != '/');
                  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rname + 1
                      && *dest == '/')
                    dest++;
                }

              free (buf);
            }
          else
            {
              if (!S_ISDIR (st.st_mode) && *end && (can_mode != CAN_MISSING))
                {
                  saved_errno = ENOTDIR;
                  goto error;
                }
            }
        }
    }
  if (dest > rname + 1 && dest[-1] == '/')
    --dest;
  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rname + 1 && *dest == '/')
    dest++;
  *dest = '\0';
  if (rname_limit != dest + 1)
    rname = xrealloc (rname, dest - rname + 1);

  free (extra_buf);
  if (ht)
    hash_free (ht);
  return rname;

error:
  free (extra_buf);
  free (rname);
  if (ht)
    hash_free (ht);
  errno = saved_errno;
  return NULL;
}

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